The basic steps I often do every time I install a new Ubuntu system. The order of things is important.
👉 Note: Linux
👉 Note: Windows fresh start
👉 Note: Mac fresh start
👉 Note: Bash
Most of commands are for both Ubuntu and Pop!_OS, there are some which are only for Pop!_OS.
For Pop!_OS: You don't need to do everything in below steps.
Download Ubuntu ISO. If you like a MacOS-like version, you can choose Elementary OS.
Using Rufus (on Windows) or Etcher (on any system, recommended) or popsicle (usb flasher, on pop!_os) to create a bootable USB driver.
[Pop!_OS] Download Pop!_OS (with NVIDIA)
- (Update 05 Jun 2021 - IMPORTANT) If you're using DisplayLink Dock (more than 1 external screens, Pop!_OS doesn't work with the DisplayLink Driver 5.4 but it works for Ubuntu 20.04). So, you have no choice to use Ubuntu instead of Pop!_OS!!!! Read more.
- Choose a custom partition while installing > use at least 2 partitions for the installing (1 which is main for Root
/and one which is ~500MB for Boot
Update & Upgrade
sudo apt update & sudo apt upgrade
Download and install Google Chrome.👈 I use Brave
- Sign in to Google Account + sync all extensions + settings.
- Disable Tab hover information: Go to chrome://flags/ and search "tab hover" then choose "Disable".
- Install also these extensions:
- mate translate, google dictionary, TabCloud, raindrop, last pass, AVIM, adblock, GNOME Shell integration.
- Google Aut alternative on Chrome: use this.
Install Guake Terminal (drop-down terminal supporting tabs). We install it first because we working mainly on terminal.
sudo apt-get install guake
# then add it to startup applications
# load preferences
guake --restore-preferences ~/Downloads/guake_prefs
Note that: use this note to install a good font and use zsh for terminal.
Install GNOME Tweaks from App Store.
Install Dash to panel extension and use this config for pop and this for ubuntu.
Install git 👈 Check more in this note.
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:git-core/ppa
sudo apt update
sudo apt install git
# Tell who you are
git config --global user.name "Thi"
git config --global user.email "[email protected]"
# Create a new ssh
# Windows + Linux
ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 4096 -C "[email protected]"
# (-C for adding comment only)
# Enter a file:
# Linux: /home/thi/.ssh/id_rsa
# Windows: C:\Users\dinha\.ssh\id_rsa
# Enter password
# copy the public key
# then go to: https://github.com/settings/keys to add this key
And then clone the repositories.
Using rEFInd 👈 Just install and then restart to see the result!
sudo apt-add-repository ppa:rodsmith/refind
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install refind
In case you wanna hide some options in the boot manager with rEFInd, you can use - button to hide it.Old method
[Pop!_OS] Dual boot with Windows and others Linux distro: different from Ubuntu (using grub), Pop!_OS uses systemd-boot -> follow this guide.
# 1. Open Disks
# Click on "play" icon on the partition having "Partition type" is "EFI system"
# 2. Run to check the mount point of these partitions
lsblk -o NAME,FSTYPE,FSSIZE,MOUNTPOINT
# output (s/t like that)
# ├─nvme0n1p1 vfat 176M /media/thi/ESP # <- this is windows mounting point
# └─nvme0n1p9 vfat 511M /boot/efi
# 3. copy to pop!_os
sudo cp -r /media/thi/ESP/EFI/Microsoft /boot/efi/EFI
# 4. Add timeout (wait for choosing)
sudo nano /boot/efi/loader/loader.conf
# add below others
Make Alt-Tab show windows instead of applications: change in Settings > Keyboards > Custom keyboards > Switch windows. Gnome: install this one to switch between windows on current screen only.
[Optional] Make emojis showing up
sudo apt install fonts-noto-color-emoji
After that (make browser recognize more icons), create a new file
with this content.
Cannot use f keys on keyboard Keychron K8 (this is useful too):
echo 0 | sudo tee /sys/module/hid_apple/parameters/fnmode
echo 1 | sudo tee /sys/module/hid_apple/parameters/fnmode
Hint: You can add this command to a script on startup.
[Ubuntu only] Auto install drivers
sudo ubuntu-drivers autoinstall
In case you wanna switch between Intel (more power efficient) and NVDIA driver (more powerful)
sudo prime-select intel
sudo prime-select nvidia
[Ubuntu only] Check the NVDIA driver and install the newest version: check in Additional Drivers. In case you wanna remove it and reinstall it later, use
sudo apt purge nvidia-*
[Ubuntu only] Install GNOME Shell extensions
sudo apt install gnome-shell-extensions
Install also chrome extension. Go to the corresponding extension link and turn it on and install it. List of useful extensions: Start Overlay in Application View, ESC to close overview from applications list, Caffein, Alt-Tab Switcher Popup Delay Removal, Sound Input & Output Device Chooser, gtile, icon-hider (on gnome taskbar), Emoji selector, Current screen only on window switcher.
Install video codecs,
sudo apt install ubuntu-restricted-extras
[Pop!_OS] Install snap:
sudo apt update && sudo apt install snapd.
Install email client Mailsrping with snap:
sudo snap install mailspring.
# Copy icon
sudo cp /var/lib/snapd/desktop/applications/mailspring_mailspring.desktop /usr/share/applications/
Install GoldenDict (app store) and dictionaries.
Visual Studio Code and its basic extensions: Bracket Pair Colorizer, Docker, Linux Themes for VS Code, Markdown All in One, Markdown Shortcuts, Remote Development, Python, Auto Close Tags
Also add below settings to setting json file (Ctrl + Shift + P and search "Preferences: Open Settings (JSON)", it's in
Install Git Client as Gitkraken. Log in with Github account and clone all working repositories.
Turn off Gnome Shell Activities Animations (click on window taskbar to toggle max/min),
gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.interface enable-animations true # enable
gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.interface enable-animations false # disable
IBUS Bamboo, Vietnamese Input Method. Need to restart Ibus and choose Bamboo in the keyboard layout. You can use also Shift + ~ for changing the options (Removing the underline, for example) -- You have to switch to Vietnamese Input before using this shortcut. Use Super + Space to change between input methods.
[Optional] You may need to install Python before install (successfully) Overgrive.
Google Drive client for Ubuntu: OverGrive (5$ for each account). An alternative to Vgrive.
# startup commandline for overgrive
sudo apt-get install texlive-full # 5GB
sudo apt-get install texmaker
If you install Matlab, you can install
matlab-supportto add matlab icon to applications. Note that, if matlab exe file is at
/usr/local/MATLAB/R2017b/bin/matlab, we add the location of folder as
Use super + E to open Nautilus File Manager: change in Keyboard shortcut > Custom Shortcut with command
Default text editor
gedit, you can use this command in terminal.
Gnome Calendarin app store.
Screen Recorder, use Kazam (app store). If cannot recognize mic and speaker, read this solution. An alternative is SimpleScreenRecorder.
VLC (app store). If there is a problem of displaying video (there is only sound without video), check this.
Read SD card
sudo apt-get install exfat-utils exfat-fuse
If you wanna make nautilus default again:
xdg-mime default nautilus.desktop inode/directory application/x-gnome-saved-search
gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.background show-desktop-icons true
If you wanna make some web app a desktop app, use nativefier.
Bluetooth problem on Dell XPS 15 only: cannot turn on bluetooth ⇒ Try turn off and turn on again the bluetooth in BIOS setting.
- Capture fullscreen:
Ctrl+Alt+Print(photos will be saved in Pictures)
- Show desktop: set in Keyboards settings, try to find "Hide all normal windows".
- Capture fullscreen:
[Only Ubuntu] Connect Airpod to Ubuntu 20.04:
# check bluetooth service is running
# open a file
sudo nano /etc/bluetooth/main.conf
ControllerMode = bredr
# restart bluetooth service
sudo /etc/init.d/bluetooth restart
# disconnect other headphone device
# press and hold backward button in the airpod case (flash light)
# connect to airpod as other device via bluetooth
locate *.desktop # bash
locate \*.desktop # zsh
[Optional]Xbox controller bluetooth connection: check this.
Remove icon from dash application
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:caldas-lopes/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ezame
Restore dconf setting:
dconf load / < dconf-settings.ini
cat dconf-settings.ini | dconf load /
Restore custom keyboard shortcuts,
dconf load /org/gnome/desktop/wm/keybindings/ < keybindings.dconf
dconf load /org/gnome/settings-daemon/plugins/media-keys/ < keybindings.dconf
[Optional] Disable touchpad automatically when plugging mouse:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:atareao/atareao
sudo apt update
sudo apt install touchpad-indicator
# then open > click on icon > preferences
# > action tab > "Disable touchpad when mouse plugged"
- Extreme Download Manager (uninstall by running as root
AO (MS to do for Ubuntu):
snap install ao
- Shotwell or gThumb (image viewer + quick editor, install on Store)
- KolourPaint (photo editor supports cut and move a selection like Paint on Windows, install from AppStore)
- Cheese (camera app)
Stacer (optimizer system like Advanced System Care) Google Music. This one: Youtube Music Desktop (install with snap) -- Remove the coincisive keys with the system's. Authenticator
- alacarte (Main Menu, can be found in App Store): change/add icon in launcher.
Swap function keyboards on Logitech K380, using this tool (try all keyboard hidraws if you are not sure!).
Force Unity Dash to index all files on Home:
sudo updatedb(install by
sudo apt-get install mlocate)
[Only Ubuntu] There are 2 ubuntu softwares in dash? (ref this question). "Ubuntu software" is pre-installed snap store (run by
snap-store), the other is
Backup before installing a new system.
- Settings in
- All apps in
~/apps/with their desktop files in
- Settings in
Y: toggle tiling mode.
- Add a windows/applition exepton of tiling mode (it won't be counted)
- Make clocks + dates 2 lines -> tutorial.
- Install clock override extension.
%H:%M%n%d/%m/%Yin text to display instead of the clock (with the spaces so that they are center aligned).